Engineereing Ebooks: Measurements and instruments third Edition

 'Measurement and Instrumentation Principles' is the latest edition of a successful book that introduces undergraduate students to the measurement principles and the range of sensors and instruments that are used for measuring physical variables. Completely updated to include new technologies such as smart sensors, displays and interfaces, the 3rd edition also contains plenty of worked examples and self-assessment questions (and solutions). In addition, a new chapter on safety issues focuses on the legal framework, electrical safety and failsafe designs, and the author has also concentrated on RF and optical wireless communications. Fully up-to-date and comprehensively written, this textbook is essential for all engineering undergraduates, especially those in the first two years of their course.

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Project on Integrated Farming System using Microcontroller

People heavily rely on large-scale farms to grow and ship produce to their local grocery stores. These farms are not always domestic and can be located on the other side of the world. This has become an issue today due to the high transportation costs associated with bringing copious amounts of produce to crowded urban areas as well as to areas that cannot sustain themselves with the local land. Furthermore, the preservatives that are required to allow produce to make it to market inflate this cost. In addition to these economic costs, there are the environmental impacts associated with transporting across these distances. 

Integrated Farming System (IFS) Project’s goal is to solve these issues by bringing the farms to these areas through an automated farming system. This system will be enclosed either in its own facility or housed within another existing building. The key is to minimize the amount of real estate required for these systems relative to how much land would be needed by a comparable farm. The constructed model focused on the caring aspects of the overall system. This prototype has proven the feasibility of the system’s design to save space while reducing crop costs.
Integrated Farming System (IFS) would be able to automatically seed, care for and harvest crops without any user assistance. Although not large, the prototype shows that this overall system is plausible as well as expandable due to its modular design.

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PIC in Practice: A Project-based Approach

PIC in Practice is a graded course based around the practical use of the PIC microcontroller through project work. Principles are introduced gradually, through hands-on experience, enabling students to develop their understanding at their own pace.

Dave Smith has based the book on his popular short courses on the PIC for professionals, students and teachers at Manchester Metropolitan University. The result is a graded text, formulated around practical exercises, which truly guides the reader from square one.

The book can be used at a variety of levels and the carefully graded projects make it ideal for colleges, schools and universities. Newcomers to the PIC will find it a painless introduction, whilst electronics hobbyists will enjoy the practical nature of this first course in microcontrollers.
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Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design Ebook

 Donald A. Neamen
This introduction to the concepts of microelectronic circuits and devices covers important semiconductor devices and their applications; analog electronics, including operational amplifiers and integrated circuits; and digital circuits. PSPICE is incorporated throughout the text in examples, and a separate appendix contains a PSPICE introduction and examples for DC, AC and transient analysis. The text's coverage of field effect transistors and basic FET amplifiers reflects the industry popularity of enhancement mode MOSFET devices. However, a balance between bipolar and FET circuit analysis is found in each chapter.


Project On Security Robot Surveillance

As robotic technology continues to advance, robots are becoming capable of performing ever more complex tasks. Robotic workers never get tired, do not need to be paid, and can be made to perform even the most dangerous tasks without concern. The purpose of this project was to combine several existing technologies, wireless internet, neural networks, and hardware controllers, into a system that can perform the job of a night security guard.

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Project On Security Robot Surveillance.pdf

Kite Power Generation Project – Wind Power from Kites

The goal of this project was to study the feasibility of using tethered kites to generate power from the wind. Generating electricity using kites instead of wind turbines may have certain advantages, particularly for developing nations. These include generating power at low cost while eliminating certain environmental problems associated with wind turbines.  Another advantage is that kites can fly at greater heights than wind turbines can operate. Since wind speed increases with height, and available power is proportional to wind speed cubed, the wind power potential is larger for kites. A literature review was conducted of previous studies of kite power systems.  A mechanism was designed to convert the oscillating tether tension caused by the vertical motion of a kite into rotary shaft motion to drive a generator. The mechanism is based on a rocking, balanced beam of 5 meter length attached to a power train and Sprag clutch. The design uses a commercially available sport kite which is 10 meters squared in size. A previously developed MATLAB code was used to model the final system design, and power outputs comparable to small wind turbines were predicted.  

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Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Design Project

Autonomous vehicles are increasingly investigated for use in oceanographic studies, underwater surveillance, and search operations. Research currently being done in the area of autonomous underwater craft is often hindered by expense. This project seeks to complete the construction, optimization, and control software development of an inexpensive underwater vehicle. During the course of the project all of the vehicle’s mechanical and electrical subsystems were completed. Propeller-driven primary thrusters using a magnetically coupled drive system were optimized and manufactured. A battery powered electrical subsystem was also designed and installed on the vehicle. A simulation of the vehicle’s control algorithm was developed in MATLAB and several full vehicle tests were conducted.
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Thesis on Pulse Oximeter Calibrator

Pulse Oximeters are standard medical electronics devices used for continuous patient monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR). Initial calibration of pulse oximeters is conducted by inducing hypoxemia in healthy human volunteers to obtain blood oxygenation levels as low as 70% and comparing pulse oximeter measurements to that of a reference CO-oximeter.
It was the goal of this project to create a device which would increase the accuracy of the calibration process and potentially set the stage for the elimination of the need for human volunteers. Such a device would also significantly reduce cost and time for companies attempting to bring a new model of pulse oximeter to market. A device such as this, even if it is not used as a substitute for testing on humans, would allow the company the opportunity to test their device before making the expensive commitments involved with FDA testing.

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Project On Low Cost Scanning Laser Rangefinder

As computers  and software  become  more powerful  and the area of their application expands, the traditional mouse and keyboard, become more restrictive. Many different devices have been developed to increase Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and this development  continues  today.  The most  commonplace  Human  Computer  Interactive device on the commercial market today is the Touch Screen. However, even the touch screen restricts HCI to some extent.  These shortcomings and the search to find devices that overcome them were the driving force behind the development of a Scanning Laser Rangefinder for this thesis project.
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Project on Wireless message Communicator

 The main function of these devices is to send and receive text messages to and from another device. It is very much like communicating with a walkie-talkie, except with text and smoother communication scheme. We chose this as our final project because we were inspired by the recent technological trend in wireless communication systems. Also, we thought it could be a cool gadget for our cars so that the cars can communicate with each other on a road trip. (Obviously it is not intended for the driver to use.)

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Autonomous Smart Trash system Project/Thesis

We have designed and built a 'proof of concept' prototype for Project Green Stations, an externally funded student group with the following mission statement:
    Project Green Stations is all about changing the way people see the environment. Imagine the go-green movement as a brand. Solar panels, Toyota Priuses, and waste receptacles are all points of interaction with your idea of going green.
    By designing elegant, simple, and technologically advanced waste bins, we improve one element that affects that perception; one element that almost all students, faculty, and staff at University see every day.
    We plan to have the first full prototype manufactured over the summer and ready to go before August. Over the next academic year, we will be looking to further refine the aesthetics and the hardware to best fit our needs. The expectation is by the beginning of the 2013-2014 academic year, we will begin full scale implementation. 
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Project on CMR Robot Arm

ur project was mainly designed for the Cornell Mars Rover project team (CMR), which will be using the robotic arm for competition to complete many different tasks in the deserts of Southern Utah.
We created the control systems for a robot arm that is able to use three different end attachments to perform a variety of specified actions, include pushing buttons, scooping up dirt or other items, picking things up with a hook, flicking switches, and taking voltage readings for solar panels. This robot arm uses the Arduino Mega2560 to take in commands from a user to determine which position to move to and what actions the arm needs to perform. It uses four different servo motors to control the four degrees of freedom over the wrist, elbow, and shoulder joints. Also, it controls three end attachments that are attached at the end of the arm: the hook, the scoop, and the control panel interface (CPI). Our controls are also able to open and close the scoop‟s lid servo and turn on and off the brush of the CPI, which has two probes attached that takes the voltage readings.

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PID Controller on FPGA for Temperature Control

The objective of this project was to implement a digital PID controller on an FPGA for a control application. We designed a controller to track and maintain a set point temperature of a water tank with lowest possible overshoot while maintaining maximum possible rise time. Multiple controllers and heaters were used to efficiently control the temperature. We used MATLAB to design our controller and develop a model of our system from experimental data. The heaters were driven using a PWM signal from the FPGA that was amplified using BUZ 73 transistors.
The motivation behind using FPGA to implement a PID controller rather than microcontrollers or DSPs is because it provides a good balance between performance and cost. Using microcontrollers, although they may be cheaper do not provide enough processing power to effectively perform complex calculations in real-time. Digital signal processors can implement complex algorithms quickly but are expensive.

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Wind and Solar Power Systems

Wind and solar energy are pollution-free sources of abundant power. With renewable power generation expected to become more and more profitable with open access to transmission lines and rapid growth around the world, the design, operation, and control of alternative energy resources becomes an essential field of study. "Wind and Solar Power Systems" provides a comprehensive treatment of this rapidly growing segment of the power industry. It provides the fundamentals of wind and solar power generation, energy conversion and storage, and the operational aspects of power electronics and the quality of power. It covers in detail the design, operation, and control methods applicable to stand-alone as well as grid-connected power systems and discusses the present status of and the on-going research in renewable power around the world."Wind and Solar Power Systems" stands as the most modern, complete book available on renewable energy. Electrical, environmental and mechanical engineering professionals along with policy-makers evaluating the renewable energy potential of their regions will find in it the background and the details they need for decision making. It provides the fundamentals of wind and solar power generation. It shows the engineer how to design a key features of the power system. It details the operation and control of stand-alone and grid-connected systems. It presents methods for extracting maximum power from a given site and discusses power quality issues. It offers profitability charts for quick estimates of the market potential of sites. It discusses past and present industry trends and its future growth potential. It includes energy maps of several countries useful for assessing the energy potential of any site.


Project On Radar Simulation with Optical Sensor

This is a project  on radar simulation with optical sensor and in this system we are simulating the RADAR function with optical beam. We are providing an IR transmitter and receiver in place of RF transmitter and receiver. If any object, reflecting the IR rays back to receiver can be detected. This transmitter and receiver are placed on rotating antenna to detect angle of the object.

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Vehicle Speed Control System Using RF Communication Project

The project is mainly used to control the speed of a moving vehicle according signal received by the receiver from transmitter. This project is developed based on EMBEDDED and RF Technology. When a vehicle enters a Danger Zone then the signal will be detected by the Rx which was transmitted by the Tx already placed in the Zone. The Signal received will be decoded by the microcontroller and alert the driver through a LCD Screen. According to signal received by Microcontroller controls the DC Motor Speed after a few seconds from the time it received the signal.

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